Natural disasters are those disasters which occur naturally(as the name suggests) and are not caused by man. It is the effect of earth’s disaster like volcano, floods, Tsunami etc. Below are the top 10 most deadly disasters of all time according to death scale. I don’t know why but most of these disasters have occurred in China.
10. Aleppo Earthquake
On 11th October,1138 this earthquake occurred in northern Syria(city Aleppo). It is considered to be the 3rd most deadly earthquake. Aleppo is located in the northern part of the dead sea. The worst hit area was Harim, where Crusaders had built a large citadel. A smaller earthquake had also occurred on 10th October.
Death toll(estimate) : Around 230,000
9. 1920 Haiyuan Earthquake
This earthquake occurred on December 16,1920 with a magnitude of 7.8 although Chinese media claim it to be 8.5. Its scale is not yet properly specified. However it caused extreme damage and is considered one of the most deadly disasters of all time.
Death toll(estimate) : Around 240,000
8. Antioch earthquake
Death toll(estimate) : Around 240,000
7.1976 Tangshan Earthquake
This is also known as”THE GREAT TANGSHAN EARTHQUAKE” and is considered the most disastrous earthquake of 20th century. It occurred in Tangshan(city of China).The Chinese government reported that it caused around 600,000 deaths however it was updated to around 250,000-260,000 deaths. Its magnitude was recorded as 7.8
Death toll(estimate) : Around 250,000-260,000
6. 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami
In December earthquake came with a magnitude of 8.8 and it had the longest duration of 10 min. It caused the entire planet to vibrate and it caused the Tsunami in the Indian Ocean. It is given various names like Boxing day Tsunami and South Asian Tsunami etc.
Death toll(estimate) : 260,000-300,000
5. 1839 India Cyclone
In 1839, A 40 feet wave hit the Coringa. This wave was caused by cyclone which is considered the second most deadly cyclone after Bhola cyclone. The city was never rebuilt and it caused severe loss of lives.
Death toll(estimate) : Around 300,000
4.1970 Bhola Cyclone
Bhola Cyclone is considered the most disastrous cyclone ever seen. It struck on East Pakistan(which is now Bangladesh) and West India on November 12. The Cyclone formed on the bay of Bengal on November 8 and on the night of November 12 struck with winds of 185 km/h. It is one of the most deadly natural disasters and the most deadly cyclone.
Death toll(estimate) : Around Half Million (500,000)
3. 1556 Shaanxi Earthquake
This is the most deadly earthquake ever recorded because it caused deaths on a huge scale. Now we are still protected to some extent because of the stabilized structure of the buildings but people in those time in China lived in something called yuagoons or something like that. It is considered one of the most disastrous natural disaster ever.
Death toll(estimate) : Around 1 Million (1,000,000)
2. 1887 Yellow River(Huang He) Flood
In 1887 a flood came in Yellow River(Huang He) due to excessive rain and no proper international unit for excess water. The farmers had built some dikes to contain excess water but it became full due to heavy rains. It is considered the second most deadliest flood of all time.
Death toll(estimate) : Around 2 Million (1,000,000-2,000,000)
1. 1931 China Floods
In 1931 there were a series of floods in Central China which is considered the most disastrous of all time. It occurred in the Nanjing decade. From 1928 to 1930, there were more than less rainfalls. There was shortage of water supplies but in the late 1930s heavy snowstorms came and then in the spring season heavy rainfalls which increased the water level very high and in july seven cyclones hit the region.
Death toll(estimate) : Around 3 Million (2,000,000-3,000,000)